Als Jonestown-Massaker oder Massensuizid von Jonestown wird die teilweise erzwungene Selbsttötung beziehungsweise Ermordung der Mitglieder von. Als Jonestown-Massaker oder Massensuizid von Jonestown wird die teilweise erzwungene Selbsttötung beziehungsweise Ermordung der Mitglieder von Peoples Temple am November in der von Jim Jones gegründeten Siedlung Jonestown im Nordwesten. Jonestown war eine von Jim Jones, dem Führer des Peoples Temple, gegründete Hauptartikel: Jonestown-Massaker. Am November besuchte. Beim Jonestown-Massaker geht Sektenführer Jim Jones mit mehr als Menschen in den Tod. Denn er wähnt sein Reich bedroht durch Abtrünnige. Das Jonestown-Massaker. Sektenmitglieder starben im Urwald. Tod im Sektendorf: Diese Bilder aus Jonestown in Südamerika gingen vor 30 Jahren um.
In Jonestown lebten die etwa Menschen hermetisch abgeriegelt von der Außenwelt. Besuch des US-Kongressabgeordneten Leo Joseph Ryan, Jr. Leo Ryan. Jonestown war eine von Jim Jones, dem Führer des Peoples Temple, gegründete Hauptartikel: Jonestown-Massaker. Am November besuchte. Diese Bilder zeigen den Alltag von Jonestown, bevor dort Menschen Informations- und Aufarbeitungsprojekt zum Jonestown-Massaker.
Jim McElvane, a former therapist who had arrived in Jonestown only two days earlier, assisted Jones by arguing against Miller's resistance to suicide, stating "Let's make it a beautiful day" and later citing possible reincarnation.
After several exchanges in which Jones argued that a Soviet exodus would not be possible, along with reactions by other Temple members hostile to Miller, she backed down.
However, Miller may have ceased dissenting when Jones confirmed at one point that "the Congressman has been murdered" after the airstrip shooters returned.
When the Red Brigade members came back to Jonestown after Ryan's murder, Tim Carter, a Vietnam War veteran, recalled them having the " thousand-yard stare " of weary soldiers.
By this point, armed guards had taken up positions surrounding the pavilion area. Directly after this, Jones stated that "the Red Brigade's the only one that made any sense anyway," and, "the Red Brigade showed them justice.
According to escaped Temple member Odell Rhodes, the first to take the poison were Ruletta Paul and her one-year-old infant.
A syringe without a needle fitted was used to squirt poison into the infant's mouth, after which Paul squirted another syringe into her own mouth.
Clayton said that Jones approached people to encourage them to drink the poison and that, after adults saw the poison begin to take effect, "they showed a reluctance to die.
The poison caused death within five minutes for children,   less for babies, and an estimated 20—30 minutes for adults. It is not clear if some initially thought the exercise was another White Night rehearsal.
Rhodes reported being in close contact with dying children. In response to reactions of seeing the poison take effect on others, Jones counseled, "Die with a degree of dignity.
Lay down your life with dignity; don't lay down with tears and agony. I tell you, I don't care how many screams you hear, I don't care how many anguished cries Rhodes described a scene of both hysteria and confusion as parents watched their children die from the poison.
He also stated that most present "quietly waited their own turn to die", and that many of the assembled Temple members "walked around like they were in a trance".
This crowd was surrounded by armed guards, offering members the basic dilemma of death by poison or death by a guard's hand. Jones was found dead lying next to his chair in the pavilion between two other bodies, his head cushioned by a pillow.
The events at Jonestown constituted the greatest single loss of American civilian life in a deliberate act until the incidents of September 11, Three high-ranking Temple survivors claimed they were given an assignment and thereby escaped death.
Dear Comrade Timofeyev, The following is a letter of instructions regarding all of our assets that we want to leave to the Communist Party of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Enclosed in this letter are letters which instruct the banks to send the cashiers checks to you. I am doing this on behalf of Peoples Temple because we, as communists, want our money to be of benefit for help to oppressed peoples all over the world, or in any way that your decision-making body sees fit.
At this point, Carter had a nervous breakdown , and was pulled away from the village by his equally distraught brother.
Just before the start of the final meeting in the pavilion, Garry and Lane were told that the people were angry with them. The lawyers were escorted to a house used to accommodate visitors.
According to them, they talked their way past two armed guards and made it to the jungle, before eventually arriving in Port Kaituma.
While in the jungle near the settlement, they heard gunshots. Four more people who were intended to be poisoned managed to survive.
The only medical doctor to initially examine the scene at Jonestown was Mootoo, who visually examined over bodies and later told a Guyanese coroner's jury to have seen needle marks on at least However, no determination was made as to whether those injections initiated the introduction of poison or whether they were so-called "relief" injections to quicken death and reduce suffering from convulsions from those who had previously taken poison orally.
Mootoo and American pathologist Lynn Crook determined that cyanide was present in some bodies, while analysis of the contents of the vat revealed several tranquilizers as well as potassium cyanide and potassium chloride.
Plastic cups, Flavor Aid packets, and syringes, some with needles and some without, littered the area where the bodies were found.
Mootoo concluded that a gunshot wound to Annie Moore could not have been self-inflicted, though Moore had also ingested a lethal dose of cyanide.
Guyanese authorities waived their requirement for autopsies in the case of unnatural death. Doctors in the U.
Moore and Layton were selected among those autopsied, in part, because of the urging of the Moore family, including Rebecca Moore, the sister of the two victims, who was not a Temple member herself.
Found near Marceline Jones' body was a typewritten note, dated November 18, , signed by Marceline and witnessed by Moore and Maria Katsaris, stating:.
Please be sure that these assets do get to the USSR. I especially request that none of these are allowed to get into the hands of my adopted daughter, Suzanne Jones Cartmell.
For anyone who finds this letter, please honor this request as it is most important to myself and my husband James W.
Moore also left a note, which in part stated: "I am at a point right now so embittered against the world that I don't know why I am writing this.
Someone who finds it will believe I am crazy or believe in the barbed wire that does NOT exist in Jonestown. No other specific reference is made to the events of the day.
The children loved it. So did everyone else. Found near Carolyn Layton's body was a handwritten note signed by Layton, witnessed by Katsaris and Moore, dated November 18, , stating, "This is my last will and testament.
I hereby leave all assets in any bank account to which I am a signatory to the Communist Party of the U.
In the early evening of November 18, at the Temple's headquarters in Georgetown, Temple member Sharon Amos received a radio communication from Jonestown instructing the members at the headquarters to take revenge on the Temple's enemies and then commit revolutionary suicide.
At the airstrip, Reiterman photographed the aftermath of the shootings. A Guyanese government plane arrived the following morning to evacuate the wounded.
Guyanese soldiers eventually found them. Rhodes, Clayton, Garry, and Lane were also brought to Georgetown.
Prokes died by suicide on March 14, during a press conference, four months after the Jonestown incident. Nine hundred and twelve of the dead, including Jones himself, were collected by the United States military in Guyana, then transported by military cargo plane to Dover Air Force Base in Delaware, a location that had been used previously for mass processing of the dead from the Tenerife airport disaster.
The base's mortuary was tasked with fingerprinting, identifying, and processing the bodies. In August , the never-claimed cremated remains of 9 people from Jonestown were found in a former funeral home in Dover.
Those five were publicly identified in the hope that family would claim their remains. Larry Layton, who had fired a gun at several people aboard the Cessna, was initially found not guilty of attempted murder in a Guyanese court, employing the defense that he was "brainwashed".
Layton could not be tried in the U. The event was covered heavily by the media, and photographs pertaining to it adorned newspaper and magazine covers for months after its occurrence.
It was labeled a "cult of death" by both Time and Newsweek magazines. State Department itself criticized the latter's handling of the Temple.
The group, which included Congressman Ryan's daughter Patricia, was involved in various personal, social and legal battles with a range of religious organizations, from The Family International and Scientology to David Koresh 's Branch Davidians , where they were found to be influential on law enforcement's concerns for children in the eventual Waco siege in After a slew of legal and fiscal issues, CAN disbanded in In late February , Al and Jeanne Mills co-founders of the Concerned Relatives and their daughter Daphene were shot and killed execution style in their Berkeley, California home.
The sheer scale of the event, as well as Jones' socialism, purported inconsistencies in the reported number of deaths, allegedly poor explanation of events related to said deaths, and existence of classified documents  led some to suggest CIA involvement ,     though the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence investigated the incident and announced that there was no evidence of CIA involvement at Jonestown.
The bodies of over of those who died are buried in a mass grave at Evergreen Cemetery in Oakland, California. In , a memorial to them was erected at the cemetery.
Although Jones used poisoned Flavor Aid, the drink mix was also commonly mistakenly referred to as Kool-Aid. This has led to the phrase " drinking the Kool-Aid ", referring to a person or group holding an unquestioned belief, argument, or philosophy without critical examination.
Now deserted, the compound at Jonestown was first tended by the Guyanese government following the deaths. The buildings were mostly destroyed by a fire in the mids, after which the ruins were left to decay and be reclaimed by the jungle.
Jones recognized the drum, originally adapted for use during meal times, as the drum used for drink mixtures during the White Night exercises, and which he believed was used to hold the beverage mix of poison and grape-flavored punch during the events of November 18, In , with the help of Gerry Gouveia, a pilot involved with the Jonestown cleanup, a television crew recording a special for the 25th anniversary of the event returned to the site to uncover any remaining artifacts.
Gouveia also led the team to the former site of the pavilion, where they found the remains of a steel drum, an organ, and a bed of daisies growing where the bodies once lay.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mission and mass suicide location. For other uses, see Jonestown disambiguation. Peoples Temple Agricultural Project "Jonestown".
Location in Guayana Esequiba. Port Kaituma. Los Angeles. San Francisco. Santa Rosa. Further information: Peoples Temple in San Francisco.
Main article: Timothy Stoen. Peoples Temple "Death Tape". Guyana portal United States portal. Archived from the original on September 8, Retrieved July 28, November 13, Archived from the original on May 25, Retrieved May 14, Alternative Considerations of Jonestown and Peoples Temple.
University of San Diego. Retrieved March 20, The Salina Journal. United Press International. November 20, Retrieved June 10, The Boston Globe.
Associated Press. November 24, Retrieved June 10, — via Newspapers. Encyclopedia Britannica. Oliver November 17, The Guardian.
What were their ages? Do you believe in magic? November 16, Cults and new religious movements: a reader.
Archived from the original on August 25, Retrieved April 10, Anchor Books. April 9, OPB Radio. Archived from the original on April 26, Diplomatic History.
Retrieved April 13, Retrieved April 9, United States Congress. May 15, Archived from the original on September 27, On October 24, , Mann fatally shot both Adams and the couple's child, and then fatally shot himself.
Weingarten, Gene. January 22, August 1, FBI tape Q Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader.
New York: St. Martin's Press, Unfortunately, not enough about their foreign policy. But in the Soviet Union, they have it The sale of nearly 30, pounds of copper to China has been announced by the Ministry of Mining in Industry of Chile.
Another blunder of China's foreign policy, supporting fascist regimes In spite of the beauty of China, what it's done domestically, getting rid of the rats, the flies That's why we're pro-Soviet.
That's why we stand by the Soviet Union as the avant-garde, because this is a hellish thing to do, to support one of the most brutal fascist regimes, who has tortured dark members— the black members of its population, presently more than any other color on up to how white your skin determines your rank in Chilean society.
Archived from the original on April 21, December 28, Archived April 26, , at the Wayback Machine Guyana.
San Diego State University. November 26, March 11, Peoples Temple and Black Religion in America.
Indiana University Press. Archived from the original on March 15, Retrieved March 27, Archived PDF from the original on March 28, The White Nights were originally called 'Omegas', denoting their finality, but when Jones decided that the events more properly marked a new beginning and an evolution to a higher form of socialist consciousness, they were briefly renamed 'Alphas'.
This second title was only briefly used, and 'White Night' was adopted soon thereafter. Jones refers to an 'Omega' on one tape recorded at Jonestown, the only known time when this title was used.
Confusingly, this mention came after the switch to 'White Night' had been made. Carter, Tim. Retrieved August 1, James Warren Jones.
April 11, McGehee, III, editors. Ice on Fire explores the many ways we reduce carbon inputs to the atmosphere and, more important, how to "draw" carbon down, bringing CO2 out of the A definitive look at the notorious murder of Jennifer Levin in Central Park, featuring exclusive interviews and never-before-seen archival material.
Released 40 years after the events of the Jonestown mass murder-suicide that killed more than Americans, this four-part documentary tells the history of the the Peoples Temple religious group.
It follows the group's leader Reverend Jim Jones from his roots as a charismatic preacher and civil rights advocate in Indiana into a narcissistic demagogue who led the biggest mass suicide in U.
The story is based on the book by "Road to Jonestown" by Jeff Guinn. This is by far the best documentary on the Jonestown massacre.
It was very thorough and relied on interviews of people that were actually there. While other documentaries were also good this one had much more of an air of authenticity.
Also it gave very much insight on the reason for the mass suicide. The people interviewed were considered complicit at the time which is probably while they were not used in earlier documentaries.
Time has diluted that complicity. Sign In. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. Release Dates. Official Sites.
Company Credits. Technical Specs. Episode List. Plot Summary. Plot Keywords. Parents Guide. External Sites. User Reviews. User Ratings.
External Reviews. Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. Episode Guide. Docuseries looking back on the Jonestown Massacre on the 40th anniversary.
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You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Episodes Seasons. Edit Cast Series cast summary: Vernon Gosney Self 4 episodes, Leslie Wagner-Wilson Self 4 episodes, Tim Carter
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